TAPESCRIPTS

UNIT  1.   Exercise 1

Personal Questions

- Where were you born?

- I'd rather not say.

- Where are you from?

- I'd rather not say.

- How tall are you? How old are you? How much do you weigh?

- I'd rather not say.

- How much rent do you pay?

- I'd rather not say.

- How much do you make?

- I'd rather not say.

- Why aren't you married?

- I'd rather not say.

- Why don't you have children?

- I'd rather not say.

- Where were you last night? Why weren't you home? Did you stay out late? Did you come home alone? Did you have a good time? Did you see a good play? Did you go to a concert?

- I'd rather not say.

UNIT  3.   Exercise 5

1. Your friend thinks that a piece of modern sculpture is beautiful. You think it is very ugly. You can't agree about it.

- There's no arguing about tastes. OR: One man's meat is another man's poison.

2. You take a job as a hotel receptionist and you meet some very strange people. At first you are rather surprised and shocked, but then you learn to accept it.

- It takes all sorts to make a world.

3. You are very angry because a friend has made a joke about you. Your friend thinks you are over-reacting.

- You're making a mountain out of a molehill.

4. Your friend accidentally breaks an expensive present and is very upset about it. You tell your friend not to be unhappy about something that cannot be changed.

- It's no use crying over spilt milk.5. You always go on holiday with your friend to the same place every year. Your friend is bored with this place and says it would be more interesting to visit many different places.

- Variety is the spice of life

6. You see your friend in the park having a romantic conversation with someone. You decide it would be better not to start talking to your friend in these circumstances.

- Two's company, three's a crowd.

7. You make a mistake at work. All your colleagues tell you what you should have done. You think it is easy for them to say this after the result is known.

- It's easy to be wise after the event.

8. Your boyfriend or girlfriend is going abroad for several months. You are afraid that he or she will forget you while he or she is away.

- Out of sight, out of mind.

9. You are having difficulties finding a job. You believe that if you are determined, you will eventually find one.

- Where there's a will, there's a way. OR: If at first you don't

succeed, try, try, try again.

10. Your boss is very strict and will be away at a conference for two weeks. You think this may be a good opportunity to have some fun at work.

- While the cat's away, the mice will play.

UNIT  5.   Exercise 1

Five Students

Chris: Barbara, before you go, could you tell me about these students that are coming into my class?

Barbara: Oh, yes. Now, let me think, well there's ... er ... Paul. He's ... er ... he's the tall slim ... slim lad with fair hair. Very ... very friendly face, lovely smile. He's . er . particularly good with group activities, he's a very helpful person to have in the class and very helpful with the other students. He . er . speaks fluently, but does make a lot of mistakes! Doesn't seem to mind making mistakes, mind you. He asks a lot of questions ... er ... tends to speak first and think later, he's a bit impetuous. But he's got lots of interesting ideas. Chris: Good.

Barbara: Er ... Susan ... Susan. Now, she's very lively, quick, very bright. Now she talks all the time but not always in English. Chris: What, is she difficult or anything?

Barbara: N... No ... She's quite young but she does behave in quite a grown-up way really for her age. She ... ah .... It can be a bit difficult toactually shut her up sometimes and make her listen to you but she's . er Chris: Ah, right.

Barbara: She's .   er .   very nice. And she's .   um .   what does she

look like? Just as ... yes, she's dark hair, dark eyes.

Chris: Right, well .   er .   is there .   any other girls in the .

Barbara: Yes, there's Maria, that's Susan's sister.

Chris: Yes.

Barbara: Actually, it's quite difficult to tell them apart although . er . Maria is slightly older. She's a bit ... a bit plumper and has longer hair ... than Susan. Er . she's not quite as bright as her sister and I think that makes her feel a bit inferior really. Well, you know, she sulks a bit when she gets things wrong or if she misunderstands you. But on the whole, very sensible girl.

Chris: OK.

Barbara: Then there's, oh, Helen. Er . Chris: Er .   Helen, Helen, Helen, Helen .

Barbara: Yes, she's very very pretty with a .   with a nice smile and she's .   but she .she's quite shy and quiet, so you have to sort of encourage her a bit. And she's very bright. Er .   does tend to seem . well, she seems a bit wrapped up in her own little world but the .   er . written work she does shows that she's learning a lot. Oh, she laughs at my jokes, too.

Chris: Oh, hope, she laughs at mine!

Barbara: Yes. And then there's Peter, who's older than the others. He's sort of ... um ... a bit more distinguished, he's got sort of moustache and spectacles and wavy dark brown hair. And he usually wears a jacket and sometimes a suit. Very smart and very . takes notes all the time and very serious and determined to learn as much as possible. He also . Chris: Oh, soon put a stop to that!

Barbara: Ah, but he asks quite difficult questions. He doesn't ... doesn't mean to be nasty but if you're not careful, he can catch you out. Chris: Well, thanks, Barbara. It's all up to me now, isn't it? Have a good holiday, won't you? Barbara: Thanks. Chris: Bye.

UNIT   7.   Exercise 1

The Human Brain

. You see the human brain weighs about 1-1,5 one and a half kilos. It contains ten to fifteen thousand million nerve cells. Now, each nervecell can connect with any number or combination of other neurons -that's what you call a nerve cell, a neuron - the total number of possible connections, of course, is enormous. Now, if you want to type that number so you'd have to start by typing a one, then follow that with ten million kilometers of zeros.

Every human brain has an unlimited potential - only a small fraction of neurons are used for . er . everyday routine tasks like eating, moving, routine work, etc. The rest are constantly available for thought.

Now, our brains consist of various parts, some of which control routine functions. But the important parts that make us into those marvelous thinking machines, we like to think we are, are the two hemispheres or the two sides of the brain: the left and the right. Now, the left hemisphere controls the right half of the body, that's right, the left controls the right, and the right controls the left half. Normally, the left half of the brain is dominant.

Now, the left side, which is known as the rational side, controls the . these functions: language, numbers, linearity, analysis, logic, lists and sequencing.

The right side, which is known as the irrational side, sometimes people call it the artistic side of your brain, controls those things ... er ... which are . well, less specific perhaps: rhythm . er . er . colour, imagination, daydreaming, space: spatial dimension, three-dimensional thought . erm . seeing collections of things as one, as a whole. One interesting thing is that left-handed people often have a dominant right hemisphere, and in this case the priorities of the things I've just mentioned are all reversed.

The corpus callosum is very important. That's corpus CORPUS, callosum CALLOSUM -you should make a note of that, it's very important -that's the link between the two hemispheres in the brain and it's the key to successful thinking, linking the two parts of the brain, so you don't use them independently.

By the way, you ... you could try this experiment - you'll see the two halves being used. Ask someone two questions; one to do with numbers ... you could say 'What's 12 multiplied by 137?' and the other one to do with space. For example, you could say, 'What piece of furniture is directly above this chair in the room upstairs?' OK? Now, while they're trying to answer the first question, that was the . the numbers one, they'll probably look to the right to prevent being distracted by visual information, and while they're trying to answer the second, that's the spatial one about what's upstairs above the chair, they'll probably look to the left. But of course, some people just close their eyes and that ruins the whole test!According to experts, as we get older our memories do not get worse. Er . that's just an old wives' tale. In fact, we forget things at all ages. Now, if you expect your memory to be bad or to get worse, it probably will. Lack of stimulation, brain exercise and lack of interest can mean that you forget things more easily. Lack of concentration simply. Ah, lack of fresh air can also lead to your brain being less efficient because it get starved of oxygen, and an unhealthy lifestyle - take note - can also damage your brain: er . alcohol, smoke, um . pollutants in the air like lead, er ... chemicals in food, they can all add to a generally deteriorating condition of the brain.

You've probably heard a lot of people say, 'I'm not brainy' or 'That's too difficult for my brain' - but this is not true because everyone's brain has an equal potential.

There are a few rules - Golden Rules of brainpower. One: use your senses. Don't only think in an abstract, logical way. Try to imagine a problem visually. Second rule: use both halves of your brain. For example, if you're faced with . er . an abstract, logical problem, try thinking about it imaginative . er . try thinking about it imaginatively. Or if you're faced with a creative problem, try to analyze it. Think logically about it. And don't ever say you can't solve a problem because your brain is just as good as anyone else's.

UNIT  8.   Exercise 2

The EmperorS New Clothes

Many years ago there was an Emperor who spent all his time and money on dressing up in expensive clothes. He loved riding round in his wonderful garments so that everybody could see him. He didn't care about his country very much because he was more interested in what was in or out of fashion. His palace was full of wardrobes containing clothes he had worn only once.

One day two dishonest men appeared at the palace and said they could make beautiful clothes, which had magical properties. Only clever people would be able to see them - they would be invisible to anyone who was stupid or not good at their job. The Emperor thought this was an excellent opportunity to find out who was wise and who was foolish in his kingdom, and whether or not people are suitable for their jobs. He gave the two men a large sum of money and told them to start work immediately.

The two men were given gold and silver thread (which they put in their pockets and kept for themselves) and they started making the clothes. They pretended to work hard all day and night, though of course there was nothing on their weaving machines - they were empty! Sooneveryone in the city knew about their work and the magical properties of the clothes they were making, and they all wanted to find out if their neighbours were stupid or not.

After several weeks the Emperor wanted to know how they were getting on. How much progress had they made? When would the clothes be ready? He decided to send an old and honest minister, who was certainly clever and good at his job, to visit the two men.

The minister entered the room where the two men were working. They looked very busy - they were cutting and sewing with great energy - but to his horror, he couldn't see what they were working on! It was as if they were cutting the air with large scissors and sewing it together!

'Ah, we're so pleased you've come', said one of the men. 'The work is going well, as you can see, and it should be finished by the end of the week.' And the man showed him the different colours and patterns of the material as if they were in front of his eyes. The minister blinked and could still see nothing. 'Goodness!' He thought to himself, 'I must be stupid! I can't see a thing! I must be careful not to let anyone find out or they will think I'm stupid and I will lose my job.'

'Oh, marvelous!' he said. 'What beautiful colours! What wonderful patterns! I've never seen anything like it!' he returned to the Emperor and told him the clothes were the most beautiful he'd ever seen. The Emperor sent a second minister and the same thing happened. So he made up his mind to go and see the clothes for himself, taking all his ministers with him.

On entering the room, the Emperor found the two men looking very proud of themselves. 'We've finished,' they said. 'Here you are. What do you think of them? Aren't they the most beautiful clothes you've ever seen?' The Emperor saw nothing. The men acted as if they were holding clothes, and all the ministers smiled and nodded and commented on the patterns and designs - but he saw nothing. 'I must be stupid!' thought the Emperor. 'Everyone else can see them - but I can't. Nobody must find out!'

'Yes, these are beautiful clothes indeed!' said the Emperor. 'What wonderful colours and designs!'

'Would you like to try them on?' Said one of the men. 'We need to see if they fit. We must check they are not too big or too small.'

So the Emperor took off his clothes and put on the invisible clothes. He had no difficulty in getting into them. He stood in front of the mirror and said 'Yes, they fit perfectly.' And all the ministers around him agreed.

'Look, your majesty,' said one of the men. 'You have forgotten to do up one of the buttons.''Oh, yes' said the Emperor with an embarrassed laugh. 'I didn't see it.' And he pretended to do up the button. 'These clothes will last forever,' said one of the men. 'They'll never wear out.'

Then one of the ministers suggested there should be a procession through the city so that everyone could see the Emperor's new clothes and admire them. There was no way out for the Emperor because he knew he could not refuse. He would have to go through with it.

The next day the procession took place and everyone shouted and cheered. 'What wonderful clothes!' they all said to one another. 'How well the colours go with the Emperor's crown!' But one small boy said 'Look! The Emperor has nothing on! - He isn't wearing any clothes!' The people around the boy heard this and started whispering, and soon everybody was saying 'He's got nothing on!' The Emperor heard them, but he thought 'I must not stop. I must carry on or it will ruin the procession.' So he continued walking along even more proudly than before, with his ministers helping to carry his invisible clothes.

(Adapted from Hans Andersen's fairy tale)

UNIT   8.   Exercise 4

Listen to the sentences. Decide what you would say in the following situations.

1. It's very cold outside and your friend is about to leave without a coat. What do you say?

- You'd better put a coat on.

2. You have been invited to an important dinner party. You are not sure if you need to wear very smart clothes or not. What do you say?

- Do I need to dress up for the occasion?

3. A man comes to your house to repair the TV. His shoes are very dirty. You want him to remove them before he comes in. What do you say?

- Could you take your shoes off, please?

4. You are in a clothes shop and you see a nice pair of trousers. You are not sure if they are the right size or if they'll suit you. What do you say to the shop assistant?

- Can I try these trousers on, please?

5. You can't fasten the button on your shirt. You ask for help. What do you say?

- Can you do this button up for me please?

6. You look at your shoes and you see there are holes in them. What do you say?

- My shoes are worn out / My shoes are wearing out.7. You have been asked to make a speech in front of a large audience. At the last moment you feel very nervous and decide you can't do it. What do you say?

- I can't go through with it.

8. You're trying to put on some shoes but they are too small for you. What do you say?

- I can't get into these shoes.

9. You are asked if you want to continue studying at college or leave and find a job. You want to continue your studies. What do you say?

- I want to carry on with my studies.

10. You saw a thief in a green jumper and blue jeans. The police ask you what he was wearing. What do you say?

- He had on a green jumper and blue jeans.

UNIT  8.   Exercise 7

1

Wl - woman 1. W2 - woman 2

W1: Well, what do you think of this one?

W2: Mm. It doesn't really go with the colour of your jumper. Why don't you try on the red skirt?

W1: OK... Goodness, I can't get into it. And if I do, I won't be able to do the buttons up. It's no good. I'll have to go on a diet. W2: What about this one? I think this is fantastic! You'll look out of this world in it.

W1: Do you think so?

2

A - shop assistant. M - man

A: Hello, can I help you?

M: Yes, please. I'd like to try on these trousers.

A: Of course, sir. The changing rooms are just over there.

3

H - husband. W - wife

W: Aren't you going to get changed?

H: No, I'm going like this.

W: You can't go looking like that.

H: Well I'm not going to dress up just to have dinner with my parents. W: That's not the point. That shirt's filthy, and it's worn out. Look, it's got holes in it. Take it off and put on that one I gave you for Christmas.UNIT 11. Exercise 4

Listen to the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using the multi­word verb prompts. The first one has been done for you.

1. I was completely deceived by his charming manner (take in) I was completely taken in by his charming manner.

2. I never base my judgements on first impressions (go by) I never go by first impressions.

3. She could see what kind of man he was immediately (see through) She saw through him immediately.

4. She pretended to be an American tourist (pass off) She passed herself off as an American tourist.

5. She gave the impression of being a very kind person (come across as) She came across as (being) a very kind person.

6. He persuaded me to lend him some money (talk into) He talked me into lending him some money.

7. You won't escape being punished for this! (get away with) You won't get away with this!

8. The police told him to give them the gun (hand over) The police told him to hand over the gun.

UNIT   16.   Exercise 2

Why Is It So Hard to Be Honest?

Today you are going to hear an interview conducted by Mr Granger, a journalist working for British University Student Magazine. He is talking to two female students from this university.

- It's probably true to say that women have been affected more than men with recent changes by the way people behave. Yet, it is a common belief these days that girlfriends are not straight with their boyfriends. Young men often complain that their girlfriends never get to the point. They say that you rather hedge round the subject or if you get to the point you don't make it obvious how deeply you feel.

- Yes, I know what you mean. They may have a point there. Most of us find it impossible to be direct about our deepest feelings and fears.

- They say, you drop hints; some hope they are mind readers. The continual hinting, nagging and sulking will never get to the root of the problem.

- But on the other hand, why are we supposed to be to be open and straight! Can't they be more straight with us?- That's simple. It's because you complain more often about their

clothes, manners, behaviour or haircuts, for instance.

- I don't quite get you.

- Oh, come on, Kathy! For instance, you are asking questions like

'Why can't you buy some smart clothes?' or 'Aren't you ever going to get a decent haircut?'

- Those are quite straightforward suggestions!

- But it is nagging and sulking, isn't it?

- I see what you mean .

- Moreover, these questions may mean you and he have very different outlook on life, and because that's pretty serious I assure you hide it from him and from yourself.

- So you are trying to say that we find it hard to be direct because we are scared of possible consequences? In other words, you think that despite great social advances girls prefer playing a submissive role putting up with behaviour or attitudes, they don't feel entirely happy with.

- Oh, rubbish!

- I'm not so sure it is rubbish. If you were asked to write a set of hints for teenage girls who don't know how to deal with their boyfriends, what would you write?

- That's a tough question, but let me try. First, don't say that he doesn't understand you, and it's all his fault. Tell him what is bothering you. Second, don't deliberately make him jealous, it won't get you anywhere.

- Anything else?

- Coming back to nagging, don't make constant digs at him. There's nothing more irritating than a nag. So, say exactly what's on your mind and get it over with.

- I see... It won't be easy, though.

- Just try. Nobody likes nagging people. Be direct, but try not to sound as if you are accusing him.

- Life is complicated, isn't it?

- Certainly is.

UNIT   17.   Exercise 2

Examination Stress

Today you are going to listen to Margaret Felton, a psychologist who has been working with people suffering from stress.

- Dr Felton, we know that there are different kinds of stress, but as our listeners are young people who will sooner or later faceexaminations, we would very much like you to tell them how to cope with examination stress.

- Examinations are the most stressful events facing any student. After years of study the pressure of examination threatens many students' chances of success. Stress can lead to panic, blanking-out in examinations and insomnia. Cases of insomnia are quite common and students should know that sleeping pills will not solve their problem. Stress can be spotted by signs of irritability, a lack of concentration, impatience and lethargy.

- Does blanking-out happen very often?

- Blanking-out in examinations usually affects only one or two students a year but it does happen and students who are likely to face this problem must be helped in advance.

- But how can one discover whether a student is likely to have a major problem in the examination?

- Specialists say that a trial run, I mean, a mock examination, is the most useful way of preparing for examinations and discovering whether they are likely to be major problems.

- Can you do anything for panic-stricken students?

- Those who are panic-stricken have to be taught how to handle the situation, they must be taught to control their breathing and to concentrate on the task in hand and not worry what is going on around them.

- And what about the period before the examinations, when the tension is mounting?

- All students are advised to include relaxation periods in their timetables. The most dangerous time is the revision period before examinations. It very often happens that over-conscientious students have the most serious problems. They sometimes negate their own efforts by working into the early hours and getting up too early.

- What do you advise for them?

- While revising, students are advised to make notes and refer to them regularly, but never to learn facts that they don't understand. They should never work for more than two hours and break the time up into 20 minutes' sessions with a ten minutes' breaking between. Revision should begin six weeks before the examination, provided they have studied conscientiously over the year. When it comes to the examination, students often forget to read the question carefully to make sure they understand it.

- Yes, how can this be avoided?- Students are advised not to start writing straight away, but think the question over beforehand.

UNIT   18.   Exercise 2

1. Aunt

My aunt is getting on for sixty, and she's always been a very dynamic sort of person, but recently she's started to behave in a rather strange way. A few months ago she took up karate and judo, and now she's taken to riding a powerful motorbike everywhere she goes. Last week she turned up at my sister's birthday party dressed in a leather jacket with 'Hell's Angels' written on the back. 'I've come to liven things up,' she said, and immediately began dancing wildly to loud rock music. My sister found it rather embarrassing.

'I wish she'd act her age,' she said. 'She behaves as if she were sixteen rather than sixty.' But it doesn't bother me at all. It takes all sorts to make a world.

2. Art Teacher

I remember my art teacher because she was always going on about Van Gogh's paintings. In fact, they were the only thing she ever talked about and in the end we got rather tired of hearing about them. And for some strange reason we were never allowed to use yellow in our pictures. If we did, she'd stamp her feet and shout: 'That's yellow! I won't have yellow in my class!'

But the main reason I remember her is that she used to pick on my best friend at school. She always chose her to punish or humiliate in front of other pupils. On one occasion she said, 'Look at this girl's work. It's the worst in the class!' and then she suddenly started laughing. My poor friend put up with this for a whole year, and then one day she decided to stand up to her. 'Stop picking on me!' she said. 'And if I want to use yellow in my pictures, I will!' With that, my art teacher burst into tears and from that day we could use any colours we liked. 3. Cousin

The strangest person I know is my cousin. He was an only child, and was used to being the center of attention, so he tended to show off a lot in front of other people. I can't say he changed very much when he grew up. On his eighteenth birthday he shaved off all his hair and started wearing a safety pin through his nose. I suppose he thought it would make him stand out in the crowd. He went to university but dropped out after only one week - he said he wanted to graduate from the university of life. The last thing I heard, he was trying to join a circus.UNIT  18.   Exercise  3, B

1. She must be nearly 90 (get on for). - She must be getting on for 90.

2. His strange clothes made him very noticeable (stand out). - His strange clothes made him stand out.

3. Why is the boss always criticizing me? (pick on) - Why is the boss always picking on me?

4. She decided to confront her boss (stand up to). - She decided to stand up to her boss.

5. He tried to make the party more exciting and lively (liven up). -He tried to liven up the party.

6. She's always trying to impress people (show off). - She's always showing off.

7. He's always talking about his life in the army (go on about). -He's always going on about his life in the army.

8. He's started coming home late at night (take to). - He's taken to coming home late at night.

9. She withdrew from the course (drop out). - She dropped out of the course.

UNIT   20.   Exercise  5, A

1. Erm, I'm not really, er, sure I can do this .   Oh dear.

2. Good heavens! You! I don't believe it!

3. Hello? This is Anne Whitcombe at 36, Riverside Drive. I saw a prowler in my garden and now I think he's trying to break into my house. Please come quick!

4. I keep hoping things will get better, and they never really do. I just can't see an end to it.

5. Oh, no! What a joke!

6. That's wonderful news, Ann! That's the best thing that could possibly happen!

7. Well, that's not very good. Why didn't you phone me back if you couldn't get the seats I asked for?

8. . And not only did we win the team cup, but Megan won first prize for the under-16s, and Kevin and Pete won the men's doubles.

UNIT  20.   Exercise  5, C

1. Erm, yes, I think I do tend to, yes, not say anything and yes, they do, they build up and build up and then, suddenly - yes (laughs), you think 'I've got to let this out,' and it all comes out in one go, yes.2. I don't think so, no. My, my mother's a very old lady, and erm, I don't think that erm, she'd easily be able to cope with it if I told her about a serious problem.

3. Yes, I do. I don't let everybody around me know how I feel about everything, but I'm generally fairly open to, to the people who are around me about how I'm feeling.

4. Yes, I would let my children know. I think it's important that they know if there's something that's troubling me, which would involve them.

5. Well, most of the time I'm usually easy-going, but sometimes I do let small things upset me.

UNIT  22.   Exercise  2, B

Speakers talk about the following interests: Liz Bullock: horse-riding, baby-sitting, reading books Vera: music, bird watching, art, theatre, opera Basil: shooting, dogs, gardening

H-A: music (especially opera), drawing, some time ago - stone polishing, travel, reading, collecting children's books, cooking Jeanette: gardening, watching cricket, travel

Lindsay: houses, countryside, horticulture, jazz, Handel, interior design, reading, dancing, swimming

Tony: worrying about money, motor cars, glass, antiques, sport Liz Parkin: walking, pool, sign language, driving Ian: harmoniums.

* Accents: Liz Bullock and Basil have regional southern English accents; Jeanette has a slight northern accent; Tony is Australian.

UNIT   24.   Exercise 1

* 'Neapolitan' is a variety of ice cream, mispronounced 'Nealopitan' by Ron and Eth.

* B - Both characters have non-standard accents - particularly 'Dad'.

The two most striking features are Ron's pronunciation of 'my' as 'me' (though this is also sometimes heard from speakers of standard British English in casual speech), and his father's pronunciation of 'hundreds', 'here', 'how' and 'have' without [h] (common in many British dialects).

- Ron, are you scared of girls?

- Yes, Dad. When I meet a girl I never know what to do. I just pull me cap down over me face and hope she'll go away.- Oh, Ron.

- I can't think of anything to say.

- Oh, Ron, knowing what to say is the easiest part. There's -there's hundreds of acceptable phrases. Er - 'Excuse me, but do you come here often?'

- I live here, Dad.

- Ron - I - I know where you live. I mean you might say, for example, 'Can I get you a still lemon?' [a drink without gas] or 'I find the company in here rather boring. Let's take a stroll in the shrubbery.' You get it, Ron?

- No, Dad.

- Well, try and remember. It's important that you get over this shyness, Ron. I don't like it. How do you expect to get married and have children if you won't go near a girl?'

- I'll think of something.

- Good evening. Are you the gentleman in the cinema to whom I sat next? -It's a girl! Go away! I'm all alone!

- But it - it's about your cap.

- My cap?

- You left your cap under the seat when you went. I saw your address inside, so I, well, I took the liberty of bringing it around.

- Oh.

- I do hope you were up.

- Up what?

- I haven't got you out of bed, I mean.

- No. Did you say I was the one who was sitting next to you?

- Yes.

- Then you must be the one who was sitting next to me.

- Well, yes, that's right.

- You'd better come in.

- Oh? Come in? Well, I am rather soaked. Perhaps I'd better just dry off a bit. Thank you.

- The parlour's through here.

- Shall I sit on the sofa?

- If you like.

- Thank you.

- Excuse me, but do you come here often?

- Come where?

- I don't know. Dad didn't tell me what's next.

- You know, I hope you don't mind my saying this, but in the pictures I could only see your profile. I, I thought you were much darker skinned.- I'd been eating a choc ice.

- You eat a lot in the pictures, don't you? I could hear.

- Only mixed nuts and a choc ice and my chewing gum and an

apple during the adverts.

- I like eating in the pictures too.

- Do you? What's your favourite flavour of the month?

- Nealopitan.

- Ne - That's mine too.

- Is it?

- Yeah.

- Well, isn't that strange? Oh - there's me, just happening to find

your cap, and then it turns we both like Nealopitan ice cream. Sends a shiver up your spine, doesn't it?

- If you have enough of it.

- By the way, I don't believe I mentioned it - my name's Eth.

- Eth.

- How about yours?

- No, mine isn't.

(From the BBC programme 'Take it from here'. Script by Frank Muir and Denis Norden. Dad acted by Jimmy Edwards, Ron by Dick Bentley and Eth by June Whitfield.)

UNIT  24.   Exercise   5, D

Listen to the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using the multi­word verb prompts. The first one has been done for you.

1. The concert had been cancelled (call off). - The concert has been called off.

2. Stop criticizing me all the time! (go on at). - Stop going on at me all the time!

3. He's invited her to the cinema (ask out). - He's asked her out to the cinema.

4. Julie is having a relationship with a man from France (go out with). - Julie is going out with a man from France.

5. He gives the impression of being rather aggressive (come across as). - He comes across as rather aggressive.

6. Their marriage has ended (break up). - Their marriage has broken up.

7. Michael has had an argument with Tony and isn't talking to him (fall out with). - Michael has fallen out with Tony.8. I want to have a stable life, buy a house, and get married (settle down). - I want to settle down.

9. They have ended their relationship (break off). - They have broken off their relationship.

10. I'm starting to dislike him (go off). - I'm starting to go off him.

UNIT   24.   Exercise 6

M: What's the matter, Jane? Have you fallen out with Paul again? J: Yes, you could say that ...

M: Well, it takes two to have an argument. What was it about this time? J: He said I was always going on at him.

M: Is it true?

J: Well, in a way, yes. But I was feeling insecure because I thought he

was going off me. M: How long have been going out with one another? J: Nearly a year now. But yesterday I found out he's been going out with

someone else. M: Oh, so what did you do?

J: I told him, and he said he wanted to break off our relationship. M: But I thought you were planning to get married in June? J: We've called it off.

M: Well, I'm sorry to hear the two of you have broken up. J: I think it'll take me a long time to get over this. M: Well, perhaps it's for the best. You were never really happy with him. And after all, there are plenty more fish in the sea!

UNIT   25.   Exercise  2, A

I - Interviewer_H - Helen

I: How did you meet your husband?

H: It was on a blind date, actually. A friend invited me to meet someone she knew. She said he was very nice, so I went along, and as soon as I met him, I fell for him. I thought he was wonderful. We started to go out with one another, and then I invited him home to meet my parents, and they took to him immediately - they thought he was a lovely person. I: So meeting him was an important event?

H: Oh, yes, it was a turning point in my life. You see, whereas I'd always had my head in the clouds, he was very practical and realistic - he had his feet firmly on the ground.

I: Do you remember when he asked you to marry him?

H: Yes, very clearly. We were walking in the park and he proposed to me

completely out of the blue. I really wasn't expecting it.I: How did you feel about marrying him?

H: I was over the moon. I thought it was the most wonderful thing that

could ever have happened to me.

I: And do you still feel that way today?

H: Oh, yes, we're devoted to one another.

I: What do you think has made your marriage such a success?

H: The fact that we've always supported and helped one another. I've

always stood by him, and he never let me down once. We're a partnership.

I: So you never have any arguments?

H: Well, we have our ups and downs now and then - everybody does -but I know that underneath it all we were made for each other. I - Interviewer      G - George I: How did you meet your wife?

G: We worked for the same company. She was about the same age as me, and she struck me as a very nice person. As time passed I came to look on her as a friend. We spent some time together and then we started going out with one another. I: What did your parents think of her?

G: When I introduced her to my mother she said she couldn't understand what I saw in her. She thought she was very ordinary and not at all the right person for me.

I: Do you think your mother's opinion influenced you in any way?

G: I think it made me have second thoughts about marrying her, but we

still got married a few months later.

I: What was life like after you got married?

G: Things were all right for a while but then we began to quarrel. We always kissed and made up in the end, but there were still problems between us. I: Why was that?

G: I think the main thing was that we weren't really suited to one another. After we got married we started to see one another in a different light. We spent less and less time together, we became interested in different things, and gradually we grew apart. I: What happened then?

G: We started having terrible arguments and I behaved very badly towards her. I tried to make up for it, but she couldn't forgive me. In the end we split up. I suppose it was inevitable really. I: And how did this experience affect you?

G: I think it changed my outlook on life. I certainly don't see it through rose-coloured spectacles any more. I: Would you marry again?

G: I would, but it would have to be the right person, and there would have to be a lot more give and take. Otherwise I don't think it would work.UNIT  25.   Exercise  2, C

Listen to the sentences. Then say the sentences again using the multi­word verb prompts. The first one has been done for you.

1. When I was in trouble she gave me help and support (stand by).-When I was in trouble she stood by me.

2. I have always considered you to be my closest friend (look on as). - I have always looked on you as my closest friend.

3. I'm depending on you, so don't disappoint me! (let down). - I'm depending on you, so don't let me down.

4. The children liked her the moment they met her (take to). -The children took to her the moment they met her.

5. She fell in love with her skiing instructor (fall for). - She fell for her skiing instructor.

6. I don't understand what she finds attractive about him (see in). -I don't understand what she sees in him.

7. She tried to compensate for the trouble she had caused (make up for). - She tried to make up for the trouble she had caused.

8. After a year they ended their relationship (split up). - After a year they split up.

9. I think we've become less close to one another (grow apart). - I think we've grown apart.

10. They had an argument but later they became fiends again (make up). - They had an argument but later they made up; or: They had an argument but later they made it up.

UNIT  25.   Exercise 7

M - Man_W - Woman

M: ...I mean, do you think there are any real differences left between women's and men's attitudes these days?

W: Oh yes. Take illness, for example. It's a well-known fact that all men's illnesses are more serious than women's. M: What on earth do you mean?

W: Well, whereas women may feel 'a bit off-colour', have 'just a cold' or 'a slight headache', for men it's much more black or white ... they basically recognize only two states of being: men are either fit enough to run the marathon before breakfast and win, or they're too ill to stand up. M: Well, that's not actually true of me. I had a cold last week, but I didn't make a big thing of it, did I?

W: True enough. Okay, let's leave you out of it for a moment. What about sports injuries? Just consider the typical performance on a football field. How often have you seen a player rolling around in agony, with the TV commentator predicting broken bones and the end of a brilliantcareer - and then the very next minute he's back on his feet, running round the pitch, without even a trace of a limp? M: But what's that got to do with your argument? W: It's the same ... the same two states ... either all or nothing. You men have a code. There's no such thing as a slightly sore leg that aches for a while. Either it's so bad that the man may never walk again, or it's absolutely fine. And it's the same with health in general, as I said - in the peak of condition or else at death's door.

M: Well, you have a point about football players, although I think you're taking it a bit too seriously - half the time, they're just pretending after all.

W: Which is just my point. But what is it that turns them, in less than it takes to kick a ball, from children in need of someone to kiss them better into fearless men?

M: Probably the threat of a goal at the other end of the pitch . I told you, it's an act.

W: No, no, no it's deeper than that ... I think it's all to do with how boys have been brought up. They grow up expecting to be brave . to be stoical. I mean, let's face it, today's New Man may be ready to express his emotions but, when it comes to admitting pain or discomfort, he's as stiff-upper-lipped as he ever was. M: And women?

W: Women, when they are unwell and sense they're getting worse, take avoiding action - you know, using medicines, going to bed earlier, or ... M: Neither of which are true for you .

W: Let me finish . or taking time off work before they reach he stage of collapse. Men on the other hand feel that if they do any of these things it's a sign of weakness. So they end up fighting off an illness until they can hold out no longer. And then, when they collapse with a secondary infection requiring a doctor's prescription and days, if not weeks in bed, they see it as a confirmation - 'Even a man like me couldn't shake this off'. M: Oh, come on!

W: And what's more, when they are ill, men revert to playing the role of a child, with their unfortunate partner cast in the role of mother. Not that I would ever mother you, you understand!

M: No, no, no. Okay, so what do you think is behind these different attitudes of men and women?

W: Well .   for one thing, women, unlike men, do take for granted a

certain amount of pain and discomfort in life.

M: Hmm .   I suppose that's true - childbirth, for example?

W: Absolutely .  and women also feel free to discuss these experiences.

Illness is a tricky issue for a man, trapped in a world where he can tell no

one but his partner how much he suffers and just where it hurts. It's nowonder you lot behave as you do - and who could blame you for making the most of it while it lasts?

M: Well, I still don't think you can include me in your sweeping generalizations.

W: Hmm ... Of course, there could be another reason why men's attitudes differ from women's. A man knows that when he is too ill to go on, his partner will nurse him. a woman knows she'd better not get that ill! M: I'll remind you of this conversation when you're next bedridden ...

UNIT   27.   Exercise  3, B

Listen to the sentences. Then say the sentences again, using the multi­word verb prompts. The first one has been done for you.

1. I have always admired and respected my father (look up to). -I have always looked up to my father.

2. The little boy said he wanted to be a train driver when he was older (grow up). - The little boy said he wanted to be a train driver when he grew up.

3. She's very similar to her mother - they are both very intelligent (take after). - She takes after her mother. They are both very intelligent.

4. I often think about my childhood (look back on). - I often look back on my childhood.

5. I can't make her listen to me or understand what I'm trying to say (get through to). - I can't get through to her.

6. When he mother died, she was raised by he aunt (bring up). -When her mother died, she was brought up by her aunt.

7. How can we avoid going to my brother's party? (get out of) -How can we get out of going to my brother's party?

8. He was not punished for using bad language at home (get away with). - He got away with using bad language at home.

9. At first her father wouldn't let her go to the all-night party, but in the end she persuaded him to let her go (get round). - She got round her father.

10. She reprimanded him for breaking the window (tell off). - She told him off for breaking the window.

Listen to the problems. Try to answer the questions, using a multi-word verb from this unit.

1. You want your boss to give you a day off work. What would you do? - Try to get round him/her.

2. Your boss wants you to do some extra work, but you are very busy. What would you do? - Try to get out of doing it.LITERATURE

1. Alexander L.G. For or Against. - Longman, l989.

2. Alexander L.G. Right Word, Wrong Word. - Longman, l994.

3. Aspinall T., Capel A. Advanced Masterclass. - Oxford University Press,

4. Follet K. A Dangerous Fortune. - The Reader's Digest Association Ltd.,

5. Forsyth W., Lavender S. Skill Plus: Grammar and advanced speaking. -Heinemann, l998.

6. Gregory P. Perfectly Correct. - Harper Collins Publishers, l997.

7. Grisham J. The Client. - The Reader's Digest Association Ltd., 1996.

8. Harmer J., Rossner R. More than Words. - Longman, l997.

9. Harrison M. Word Perfect. - Longman, l997.

10. Jones L. Progress to First Certificate. - Cambridge University Press,

l995.

11. Карачарова H.M., Осипова A.A. и др. Английский язык для гумани­тарных факультетов. - ЛГУ, 19ВВ.

12. Koontz D. Dark Rivers of the Heart. - Penguin, 199В.

13. McCarthy M., O'Dell F. English Vocabulary in Use. - Cambridge University Press, l995.

14. Pawlowska B., Witak M. I See What You Mean, But... - Warszawa,

l995.

15. Skeggs D. The Estuary Pilgrim. - The Reader's Digest Association Ltd., 1996.

16. Swan M., Walter C. The New Cambridge English Course, parts III-IV -Cambridge University Press, l992.

17. Vince M. First Certificate Language Practice. - Heinemann, 1996.

18. Wallwork A. Discussions A-Z Intermediate. A Resource Book of Speaking activities. - Cambridge University Press, 1997.

19. Wellman G. The Heinemann English Wordbuilder. - Heinemann, 1992.

20. Wolfe T. The Bonfire of the Vanities. - Bantam Books, 199В.

21. Workman G. Phrasal Verbs and Idioms. Upper Intermediate and Advanced. - Oxford University Press, l995.Учебное издание

Малышева Ольга Леонидовна Валько Ольга Владимировна Щеголева  Татьяна Павловна

DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE

ПРАКТИКА УСТНОЙ РЕчИ ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ цЗЫКУ

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