UNIT   7.   WHAT   SORT   OF   PERSON  ARE YOU?

Exercise 1. You'll hear a talk about the human brain. Answer the Listening  questions below.

1. The left side of the brain normally controls the_side of the body.

2. What functions do the two hemispheres of the brain control?Left (rational side) Right (irrational side)

language rhythm

linearity _

analysis _

_ space: three dimensions

_ seeing_of things as a whole

sequencing

3. In left-handed people, these priorities are often_.

4. The_is the link between the two hemispheres. It is the key to_.

5. The first question the speaker suggests you ask in the experiment is: 'What's_?

6. The second question is: 'What piece of furniture is_?'

7. While someone is trying to answer the first question they will_to

prevent themselves being distracted by_.

4. Unfortunately, the experiment will not be successful if they_.

5. As we get older our memories_.

6. You forget things more easily if your brain doesn't have enough ____or____.

7. Your brain can deteriorate if you don't get enough_or if

your_is unhealthy.

8. The three Golden Rules of brain power are:

1. Use your senses and don't only think_. Imagine a

problem_.

2. Use_of your brain.

3. Don't say_because your brain is_as anyone else's.

Exercise 2. Does our horoscope sign influence our character?

Reading /    Complete the adjectives below. Vocabulary

ARIES (Mar 21 - Apr 20)

You won't find him in the corner at the party. o.tg.i.g

That's her doing the can-can on the table. ex.v.rt

She has no problems. c..ef.ee

He never frowns. l.t-h.a.t.d

She tells no lies. t.u.hf..

He has few secrets. o.. n

He'll tell you if he doesn't like your make-up. c.n.id

She'll tell you if she doesn't like your after-shave. f. • -k

He's the person to ask for the five pounds you are owed. e..y-g.gTAURUS (Apr 21 - May 20)

He knows what he wants and he usually gets it. s.r.n.-wi..ed

She never gives up without a fight. d.t.r.i.ed

He knows he's good. s.l.-as.u.. d

She knows she's as good. s.l.-co..i..nt

She likes to be the boss, the one on top. d.m.n.nt

He wants to be even bigger, even better - the best am..t.o.s

and expects high standards of performance from others. d.m.n.i.g

He works 18 hours a day, jogs, and plays squash. e.e.ge.. c

She hates to lose, in business or at tiddlywinks. c.mp.. .t..e

GEMINI (May 21 - Jun 20)

She thinks she's good. p.o.d

He thinks he's superior to everyone. a.r.g.. t

'As the most experienced and sensible person present, I.' p.mp.. s

'Of course, I could have beaten him even more easily,

but I wanted to give him a chance.' b..stf.l

She won't share her presents with her sister. s..f..h

He spends half the day in front of the mirror. v.. n

She thinks the whole world revolves around her. s..f-c.n.r.d

He thinks he's the center of the universe. e.oc..t..c

She looks down on anyone who hasn't got a heated

indoor swimming pool at home. s.o.b.. h

CANCER (Jun 21 - Jul 20)

She seems to enjoy finding fault with others. c.it.. .l

He'll take off marks if you don't dot your i's. p.t.y

She can only ever see one side of things. na.. .w-rrm.d

He always likes the fat taken off his bacon. f.s.y

He's like a donkey. s.u.b.r.

She's like a mule. o.s.in.t.

He loves money, loves having 'things'. m.t.r.a.i.t.c

Oh yes, he'll help you - if you make it worth his while. m.r.en.ry

She never lets her husband out of her sight. p.ss.ss..e

LEO (Jul 21 - Aug 21)

You never know what he's going to do. u.p.ed.ct..le

He never knows what he's going to do. i.d.c.s.ve

There are two things I don't like about her - her face! t.o-f.. .d

Be careful what he's saying about you behind your back. h.po.r.t.c.l

Be careful what she's doing while your back is turned. d.sh.n..t

He behaves like the weather in April. cha.g.a.le

She behaves like the proverbial primadonna. t.mp.r.m..t.lHe says what I want to hear, not what he thinks. i.s.nc.r.

He never does all the things he says he'll do. u.r.l.a.l.

VIRGO (Aug 22 - Sep 22)

Other people's points of view always impress him. i.p.e.s.on..le She'd believe you if you told her pizzas grew on trees. g.ll.ble

She lacks will-power. w..k-w.. ..d

He lacks courage. c.w..d.y He doesn't do much - he just sits back and watches. p.s..v.

She'll do what she's told. ob.d.. .t

You never know what he's thinking. s.cr.t..e 'It was an honour just to be on the same court as McEnroe h.mb.e

How I beat him 6-0, 6-0, 6-0? It was just luck.' m.d..t

LIBRA (Sep 23 - Oct 22)

He uses his common sense. s.n.i.le

She never does silly things under pressure. l.v.l-h..d.d

She's like the Libran symbol of the scales. w..l-b.l.n.ed

She'd solve all the problems on a desert island, p.ac..c.l

and nothing would upset her. c.. m

He'd be a good judge or referee. f..r-m..d.d She's got both feet on the ground and is really down to earth. r.aLt.c

His heart rarely rules his head. r.t..n.l

I think, therefore I am. That's my approach. l.g.c.l

SCORPIO (Oct 23 - Nov 22)

Keep out of her way when she loses her temper. a.gr..s.v.

He's always the first one to put his fists up, v..l.nt

and he's quick to use them - to the full. b.u.al

He may even add a boot or two for good measure. v.c.o.s

She won't let anything stand in her way. r..hl.. s

He has no principles about hurting other people. u.sc.u.u.ous

He almost seems to enjoy causing trouble. m.l.c.ous

She's a strong believer in an eye for an eye, sp.t.l

and a tooth - or, in her case, teeth - for a tooth. v.n.i.t.ve

SAGITTARIUS (Nov 23 - Dec 20)

Those with some Latin blood in their veins. p.s.i.n.t.

They are fiery and emotional. h..-bl..d.d

She's not afraid to go mountain climbing, b.a.e

or to join a mountain rescue team. c.ur.g... s

He wants to go to wild and unexplored places. a.v.nt.r..s

They're vivacious, like champagne bubbles. l.v.l.

She puts her heart and soul into her profession. d.d.c.t.dOn the sinking ship, the dog never left its master's side. d.v.t.d These friends do not desert you in a crisis. l.y.l

CAPRICON (Dec 21 - Jan 19)

He'd always stop to help a disabled person across the road. c.ns.d.. e

That's her on the beach wiping oil off the sea-birds' feathers. t.nd..

She wouldn't hurt a fly. g.nt..

He leaves 10 pound tips. g.n.r.. s

He wouldn't mind if she dyed her hair green. t.l.r.. t She lets him sleep when he gets back from a hard day's ork. u.d.rst.n.i.g

He defends her in any argument. p.o.ect.ve

She kisses him on the cheek every minute or so. a.f.c.i.n.te

She always sends a card on her parents' anniversary. th..g.tf.l

AQUARIUS (Jan 20 - Feb 18)

If she likes you, she'll fling her arms around you and say so. i.p.l.i.e

He jumps into the bath without testing the water. i.p.t.ous

Lose your way with her in the car? You'd better not! i.p.t.e.t

He's constantly like a child on Christmas Eve. ex.i.abl.

He's a typical 'angry young man'. r.b.l.i.us

She's Trotsky, Castro and Guevara all rolled into one. r.lut.o..ry

He's got a memory like a sieve. f..g.tf..

He thought a double brandy would help the baby sleep. i.res.. .s.ble

If she gets an idea in her head, there's no stopping her. u.c.n.r.l.a.l.

PISCES (Feb 19 - Mar 20)

There's she is, over there, on her own in the corner. s.y

He's afraid that the whole world is looking at him. s.l.-c..s..ous

She peeps round her front door like a mouse. t.m.d

He's always the last to introduce himself. r.s..ved

Be careful not to upset her. It's easily done. s.n.i..ve

He can see beauty in a pile of rubbish. i..gin.. e

He can then turn the pile of rubbish into a work of art c.e.t.v.

I was moved to tears by the beauty of his sculpture. em.t.. l

He doesn't know who he is, where he is, what to do u.sta.le and why.

Exercise 3. Which of the following characteristics would you like to Practice   have and which - to get rid of? Explain your choice.

Negative characteristics: vanity hypocrisy pomposity stubbornness

shyness obstinacy selfishness dishonesty pettiness rashness arrogance snobbishnesstimidity possessiveness meanness aggres siveness

Positive characteristics: compassion vivacity frankness self-assurance

tolerance patience generosity ambition sincerity imagination passion humility modesty courage sensitivity creativity

Exercise 4.     Tick (a) or (b) below each sentence: Check Yourself

1. A sensitive person is one who a. is very aware of other people's

feelings

2. If you fantasize about things, you a. daydream about the impossible

3. You're a reasonable person, so you're a. logical

4. You have a lot of curiosity, so you a. are a very strange person

5. You revise your opinions. You a. change them

6. You recall things that happen, so you have a. a lot of souvenirs

7. If you make sense of things, you a. know they are sensible

8. You always calculate what things cost, so you

a. work things out accurately

9. You're easily moved, so you a. like to go from place to place

10. You're a mature person, so you're a. grown up

11. You're capable of affection, so you a. like to impress others

12. You're frank, so you a. like to tell the truth

13. You don't like people who are vulgar because a. they behave badly

14. You have a genial nature, so you are a. very talented

b. has good sense and judgement

b. often dream when you sleep

b. just and fair

b. like to know about everything

b. look at them again

b. a good memory

b. can uderstand things easily

b. make a good guess b. are emotional b. ripe

b. have feelings of love for people

b. don't steal, cheat or lie

b. they are ordinary b. cheerful and friendlyExercise 5.     Do you see yourself as others see you? Quiz

It is no good looking into a mirror if you wish to see the person who is really you. The only real test is to see yourself in the same way as other people see you. The following quiz has been psychologically developed to help you to do exactly that ...

1. When do you feel your best:

a. soon after waking up?

b. during the afternoon and early evening?

c. before you go to bed?

2. Do you usually walk:

a. quite fast, with long, swinging steps?

b. quite fast, but with short, quick steps?

c. not very fast, with your head up, looking at the world?

d. not very fast, with your head down?

e. very slowly?

3. When you are talking to people, do you:

a. stand with your arms folded?

b. stand with your hands together in front of you?

c. stand with one or both hands on your hips?

d. touch the person you are talking to?

e. touch your ear or chin or smooth your hair?

f. have something like a pencil or a cigarette in your hands?

4. When you are relaxing, do you sit with:

a. your knees bent and your legs together?

b. your legs crossed or wrapped round each other?

c. your legs stretched straight out in front of you?

d. with one leg curled up underneath you?

5. When you find something very funny, how do you react? Do you:

a. give a loud, appreciative laugh?

b. laugh, but not very loudly?

c. laugh softly, under your breath?

d. give a very big smile?

e. smile slowly?

6. When you go to a party, do you:

a. make so much noise as you enter that everybody notices you?

b. walk in quietly, looking for someone you know?

c. hope that nobody will see you walking in, so you can remain unnoticed?

7. When you are interrupted while you are working hard, concentrating on something, do you:a. feel pleased to be interrupted?

b. feel very irritated?

c. or do you feel neither of these reactions very strongly?

8. Which of the following colours do you like most?

a. red or orange

b. white

c. black

d. dark blue or purple

e. yellow or light blue

f. brown, grey or violetg 9. green

9. Just before you go to sleep, when you are lying in bed, do you lie:

a. flat out on your back?

b. stretched out on your front?

c. on your side?

d. with your head under one arm?

e. with your head under the bedclothes?

10. Do you often dream that you are:

a. falling?

b. involved in a fight?

c. looking for someone or something?

d. taking your clothes off or with nothing on at all?

e. flying or floating?

f. do you dream rarely?

g. or do you usually have nice, pleasant dreams? Now check your score:

1. a-2 b-4 c-6 6. a-6 b-4 c-2

2. a-6 b-4 c-7 d-2 e-1 7. a-6 b-2 c-4

3. a-4 b-2 c-5 d-7 e-6 f-1        8. a-6 b-2 c-7 d-3 e-5 f-1 g-4

4. a-4 b-6 c-2 d-1 9. a-7 b-6 c-4 d-2 e-1

5. a-6 b-4 c-3 d-5 e-2 10. a-4 b-2 c-3 d-7 e-5 f-6 g-1 What it means:

Over 60: Others see you as someone they should 'handle with care' - vain, self-centered and extremely dominant. They may admire you and wish they could be more like you, are certainly in awe of you, but they don't always trust you and hesitate to become too deeply involved with you.

From 51 to 60: Your friends see you as an exciting, highly volatile, rather impulsive personality; a natural leader, quick to make decisions (though not always the right ones). They see you as bold and venturesome,someone who will try anything - well, almost anything - once; someone who takes a chance and enjoys an adventure. They enjoy being in your company because of the excitement you radiate.

From 41 to 50: Others see you as fresh, lively, charming, amusing and always interesting; someone who is constantly the center of attention, but sufficiently well-balanced not to let it go to your head. They see you also as kind, considerate and understanding, someone who will cheer them up or help them out as the situation requires.

From 31 to 40: Other people see you as sensible, cautious, careful and practical. They see you as clever, gifted or talented, but modest. Not a person who makes friends too quickly or too easily, but someone who is extremely loyal to the friends you do make and who expects the same loyalty in return. Those who really get to know you realize that it takes a lot to shake your trust in your friends, but, equally, that it takes you a long time to get over it if that trust is shaken.

From 21 to 30: Your friends see you as meticulous and painstaking, perhaps a bit too fussy at times, ultra-cautious and ultra-careful, a slow, steady plodder. It would surprise them tremendously if you were ever to behave impulsively or do something on the spur of the moment. They expect you to examine everything very carefully from every conceivable angle and then, usually, decide against it. They see this sort of reaction on your part as being partly due to your careful nature and partly to indolence.

Under 21: You are seen to be shy, nervous and indecisive, someone who needs looking after, who always leaves it to someone else to make the decisions and prefers never to get too involved with anyone or anything. They see you as something of a worrier, seeing problems, which don't exist and crossing bridges long before you come to them. Some people tend to regard you as dull and boring and it takes someone who knows you well to know that you are not. The trouble is that you permit very few people to get that close to you.

Exercise 6. Give a literary translation into Russian, paying attention to Translation the words and phrases that are used to describe people.

1. Hugh's shy, giggly little sister had become a sultry woman, strong-willed and quick-tempered. Hugh guessed that a lot of young men were intimidated by her. But Nick Ipswich had a quiet strength that did not need the prop of a compliant wife.

2. Spencer wasn't a computer nut. He knew how to use computers on the job, but he wasn't obsessed with them. Spencer wasn't a nutabout anything. He is a very solid man, dependable, together. Except that he's still trying to understand himself, come to terms with himself.

3. Toby was heavier than Andrew Miles, better dressed, rounder-faced, richer all over with the smooth glossiness of a well-serviced urban man. But beside the beaky farmer he looked strangely unsubstantial.

Exercise 7. Speak about your own image using the lexis from this unit. Speaking

Exercise 8. Write how your character has changed or developed over Writing    the years. Are there any aspects of your personality you still don't like?